Category：Animalia> Vertebrata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Suldae > Sus > Sus scrofa
The Taiwan wild boar is native to Taiwan. It is a unique subspecies that has adapted to live in the coastal plains of Taiwan and in the mountains 3,000 meters above sea level.
In the Formosan Animal Area of the Taipei Zoo, you can explore the origin and distribution of the Taiwan (Formosan) wild boar. You can also learn about physiological and social aspects of wild boar behavior, reproduction and parental care, and the crisis currently being faced by this animal.
We also introduce Taiwanese aboriginal hunting culture and its many facets. We look at the wisdom of the mountain forests, hunting knowledge and skills, the passage of ancestral teachings from generation to generation, and the inherent power of ecological balance, as demonstrated by traditional hunting norms.
The Taiwan wild boar’s eyes are similar to those of humans, in terms of both visual ability and structure (e.g. the proportion of photoreceptor cells in the eyeball). Wild boars also have a field of view that can cover 180 degrees.Physiological Structure
The boar’s hearing is acute, with a frequency range similar to that of humans. When pigs are nervous or alert, their sense of hearing can be used like a radar to identify sources of sound and track the movements around them.Physiological Structure
Adult boars have 44 teeth, more than most other wild mammals in Taiwan. Both male and female Taiwan wild boars have tusks, a specialized pair of canines that can be used to fight with enemies.Physiological Structure
Wild boars have four hooves and are considered even-toed ungulates. (Ungulates are hoofed mammals.) Even-toed refers to the fact that these animals’ hooves bear weight equally on two of their five toes.
Purebred Taiwan wild boars have 1-2 piglets the first time they give birth. In subsequent births, they gradually bear more young (from 2-6 piglets). The actual number of piglets in later births is usually limited by the number of nipples on the female, and is normally 4-5.
In 1972, Taiwan – recognizing the importance of this wild, native species – issued a comprehensive ban on hunting. In 1989, the Wildlife Conservation Law was implemented to protect the survival rights of wild animals. Such laws have been passed in a number of other countries. Due to strong law enforcement and public awareness, many wild animal populations have gradually increased in Taiwan. However, Taiwan wild boars are not listed as a threatened species, and they are still endangered due to agricultural development.Survival Crisis
Most of the aboriginal people in Taiwan hunt wild boars, and this activity is seen as heroic. Hunters need to have ecological knowledge and survival skills. Hunting ethics and forest knowledge are a part of aboriginal education. Aboriginal people maintain ecological balance along with ancestral teachings passed down from generation to generation.Hunting Culture
Hunting Culture adheres to taboos and follows the rules of natural survival. Hunters must:
1. Capture their prey with one strike.
2. Stop hunting after catching a certain number of prey.
3. Strictly guard the hunting area to allow animals to recover.
4. Not enter the hunting grounds of others.
5. Keep a humble heart in the forest.
6. Be grateful to the animals they have killed or captured.
7. Not kill pregnant mothers or young animals.
Today’s society has deep misunderstandings about the hunting practices of aboriginal people – these practices are often seen as uncivilized behaviors. In fact, hunters from aboriginal cultures bear responsibility for conserving wild animals and patrolling the mountains. These are important roles that lead to sustainable development of ecological resources.Hunting Culture